Session
Fahrplan - Hauptprogramm 36C3
Ethics, Society & Politics

No roborders, no nation, or: smile for a European surveillance propagation

How an agency implements Fortress Europe by degrading Non-Europeans to second-rate people
Robots, Satellites and biometrical traps - more than a Billion Euro will be spent in 2021 for what they call "Border Security." The European Border and Coastguard, formerly Frontex, dreams of a fully automomus border surveillance system.

As a humanitarian & human rights organisation involved in sea rescue, we recognise however that the shift towards new technologies correlates with a shift away from basic human rights standards. The robots, satellites & co. are not used to make society safer & life easier but to spy on us and to deport people to torture in Libya.

At Sea-Watch e.V. we are involved in a non-profit initiative dedicated to the civilian rescue of refugees at sea. In view of the humanitarian disaster on the Mediterranean Sea-Watch provides emergency aid, demands and forces at the same time the rescue by the responsible European institutions and stands publicly for legal escape routes and open borders. We are politically and religiously independent and finance ourselves exclusively through donations.

At sea, we formerly cooperated with Frontex ships in rescues when they were still involved in live saving operations. Now we regularly observe them actually being involved in illegal refoulements, especially with our surveillance aircraft Moonbird.

Frontex was formerly an agency that advised governments on border control and did risk assessments on border crossings, it had basically a coordinating role within the European framework. They were called "European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders". In 2016, during the so-called refugee crisis, the European Commission proposed to strengthen them and they became the European Border and Coast Guard Agency.

Frontex is working and developing satellite observation, the development of drone capabilities and other surveillance technologies like IMSI-Catchers with the help of European universities and companies like EADS and esri. All this happens right now without a lot of public or transparency from the site of the agency. While they provide national authorities with equipment and justify their yearly growing budget with out border security there are no sources to measure the effectivity of their methods.

While they present themselves as the friendly boarderguard next door it has evolved into an engency which is developing capabilities in all kinds of surveillance technologies with pilot projects which sound like they are taken out of a science fiction movie:

SMILE "SMILE proposes a novel mobility concept, using privacy by design principles, that will enable low cost secure exchange and processing of biometric data, addressing in parallel the aforementioned challenges by designing, implementing and evaluating in relevant environments (TRL6) prototype management architecture, for the accurate verification, automated control, monitoring and optimization of people’ flows at Land Border Infrastructures."

Roborder "ROBORDER aims at developing and demonstrating a fully-functional autonomous border surveillance system with unmanned mobile robots including aerial, water surface, underwater and ground vehicles, capable of functioning both as standalone and in swarms, which will incorporate multimodal sensors as part of an interoperable network." http://btn.frontex.europa.eu/projects/external/roborder

iBorderCtrl "iBorderCtrl envisages to enable faster thorough border control for third country nationals crossing the borders of EU, with technologies that adopt the future development of the Schengen Border Management. The project will present an optimal mixture of an enhanced, voluntary form of a Registered Traveller Programme and an auxiliary solution for the Entry/Exit System based on involving bona fide travellers" http://btn.frontex.europa.eu/projects/external/iborderctrl

While the people in charge do not manage to organize a proper search- and rescue program, Europe is setting up and spending more and more on a massive surveillance agency for border protection which has a big focus in surveillance and "protecting" the European external borders while no one ever evaluated the effectivity of this massive border militarization.

Additional information

Type lecture
Language English

More sessions

12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Borg
Katastrophen, Krisen & Kriege lassen sich heute live mitverfolgen. Wir erleben eine kaum überblickbare Quellendiversität in den sozialen Medien – jeder wird zur Quelle. Welchen Einfluss hat das darauf, wie ein Konflikt wahrgenommen wird, wie setzen Konfliktparteien aber auch Helfende die sozialen Medien ein und was bedeutet das für Diejenigen, die vor Ort humanitäre Hilfe leisten. Wir diskutieren dies anhand des türkischen Überfalls auf Nord-Ost-Syrien gemeinsam mit Fee Baumann von Heyva ...
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Borg
Ein von Zeit Online entwickeltes Tool macht es möglich, die Plenarprotokolle des Bundestags grafisch und inhaltlich auszuwerten, und zwar seit seiner ersten Sitzung 1949 bis heute. In den 200 Millionen Wörtern zeigen sich historische Zäsuren, sie machen gesellschaftliche und sprachliche Entwicklungen sichtbar: Wie ernst nahm der Bundestag in den vergangenen Jahren den Klimawandel? Wie häufig redeten die Abgeordneten über Datenschutz, über Arbeitslosigkeit, über Rechtsextremismus, über ...
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Henryk Plötz
Dijkstra
Seit dem 14. November ist die letzte Schonfrist zur Umsetzung der Europäischen Richtline 2015/2366 über Zahlungsdienste im Binnenmarkt (neudeutsch PSD2) verstrichen. Das hat erst vielen Banken viel Arbeit gemacht, und macht jetzt vielen Kunden viel Ärger. Warum eigentlich?
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Sasha
Eliza
Over the past 2 years we've been building delivery robots - at first thought to be autonomous. We slowly came to the realization that it's not something we could easily do; but only after a few accidents, fires and pr disasters.
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Constanze Kurz
Ada
Der Europäische Menschenrechtsgerichtshof beschäftigt sich nun schon seit Jahren mit der Frage, ob die durch Edward Snowden öffentlich bekanntgewordene geheimdienstliche Massenüberwachung mit der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention kompatibel ist. Wie ist der Stand der Dinge?
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Clarke
Die sogenannten digitalen Assistenzsysteme des BAMF, „intelligente Grenzen“ in der EU und immer größer werdende Datenbanken: Wer ins Land kommt und bleiben darf, wird immer mehr von IT-Systemen bestimmt. Davon profitiert die Überwachungsindustrie, während Menschen von automatisierten Entscheidungen abhängig werden.
12/27/19
Ethics, Society & Politics
Katharin Tai
Ada
The people of Hong Kong have been using unique tactics, novel uses of technology, and a constantly adapting toolset in their fight to maintain their distinctiveness from China since early June. Numerous anonymous interviews with protesters from front liners to middle class supporters and left wing activists reveal a movement that has been unfairly simplified in international reporting. The groundbreaking reality is less visible because it must be - obfuscation and anonymity are key security ...